Throne Ormament from The Miracle of St. James Hampton, by Mike Walsh
James Hampton
Secret Writing


    Thanks to Lynda Hartigan of the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C., USA; Steve Marshall; Jorge Stolfi of the University of Campinas, Brazil; and  Maude Southwell Wahlman of University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri, USA, for their help. 
  1. Arnett, Paul (Editor), and Arnett, William (Editor).  Souls Grown Deep : African American Vernacular Art.  Hardcover - 544 pages Vol. 1 (September 2000) Tinwood Books; ISBN: 0965376605. (Not seen.) Available from Amazon.
  2. Cornell University, Nsibidi Script , <> , July 22, 2001.
  3. Flournoy, Théodore,  Des Indes à la Planète Mars: Étude sur un cas de somnambulisme avec glossolalie, avec une   introduction d'Hélène Boursinhac. [From the Indies to the Planet Mars: A Study of a  Case of Somnambulism with Glossalalia, with an introduction by Hélène Boursinhac.]   (Slatkine Reprints, Genève-Paris, 1983.  Réimpression de l'édition de Genève, 1899.)  [Slatkine Reprints, Geneva-Paris, 1983. Reprint of the Geneva edition of 1899.]  ISBN 2-05-100499-4. An English translation is available: Flournoy, Théodore, From India to the Planet Mars. A Case of Multiple  Personality with Imaginary Language. Edited by Sonu Shamdasani. Princeton 1994,  335 p., preface by C.G. Jung. Cloth US$ 49.50, paperback US$ 16.95. 
  4. Gould, Stephen Jay, "James Hampon's Throne and the Dual Nature of Time." American Art 1:1.  (Spring 1987.) (Not seen.)
  5. Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe,  The Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations Millennium General Assembly :  James Hampton : March 8 through June 19, 1977, Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, Alabama.  Published:  [Montgomery, Ala.] : The Museum, c1977.  20, [1] p. : ill. ; 25 cm.   NB237.H24 H37.
  6. Gnosis Magazine, date forgotten, introductory essay featured James Hampton and the Throne.
  7. Microfilm of James Hampton's writings, National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA.
  8. Mullen, Harryette, "African Signs and Spirit Writing", Callaloo 19.3 (1996), pp. 670-689. 
  9. Murry, J. B. ; Ordinary Guy - Remarkable Art  , under  "J. B. Murry"; <>, July 22, 2001.
  10. Turner, Lorenzo Dow. Africanisms in the Gullah dialect. (Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press [1974, c1949] .) 317 pages. PM 7875 G8 T8 1974   
  11. University of Denver,   Adinkra Stamps and their Meanings  , <>, July 22, 2001.
  12. Wahlman, Maude Southwell and Nasisse, Andy, "Africanisms in Afro-American Visionary Arts." Baking in the Sun.  Lafayette: University Art Museum, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1987. (Not seen.
  13. Wahlman, Maude Southwell, Signs and Symbols : African Images in African-American Quilts.  Paperback - 144 pages 2nd edition (December 2000) Tinwood Books; ISBN: 0965376613. (Available from Amazon.) (Not seen.